The cold chain is one of the most important yet underestimated achievements of the last one hundred years in terms of global supply safety. Entire industries rely on the reliable links of temperature-sensitive cargo from one end of the world to the other.

Food products, pharmaceuticals and electronic equipment must be kept at specific temperatures to assure freshness, safety and functionality. A cold chain is fragile and only as strong as its “warmest” link.

This eBook describes the stages, processes and technologies of the modern world cold chain logistics.
Global cold chain and reefer management

1] Cold chain exlpained

The cold chain is a big part of the global supply chain and includes all modes of transport. Its impact on national economies is significant, making regional products available on a global market.

The cold chain covers all steps between production or harvesting and retail: storing, packaging and shipping.


2] From Farm to Cold Storage

Before temperature-sensitive goods can be shipped, it must be prepared for transport. Most importantly, pre-cooling to the desired temperature must be done before long-distance shipping. As every product has different optimal temperature zones, humidity and air composition, the transport set-up of reefer shipments is individual.


3] Inland Transportation

Controlling temperature during transport, proper loading and stowing of the shipment and monitoring airflow and humidity are critical to guarantee unspoiled goods when arriving at the destination. Reefer container takes charge of the controlled environment of cargo, independently of the transportation mode.


4] Container Terminal Reefer Operations

Ports in general, and container terminals in particular, are the most important dots in the global supply chain. Handling refrigerated containers in terminals is critical as they wait to continue their journey to their destination. Providing power and monitoring the desired temperature and energy setup is vital.

5] Reefer Management on vessels

On average, the longest part of the journey is on board a vessel. Reefers are tightly packed and supplied with power to ensure stable temperature and constant airflow.


6] Cold Chain - Warehouses and Markets

The last leg or mile of the cold chain reaches the end-consumer - either as input in a production process or in a grocery store to be consumed. Despite individual delivery, the cold chain must remain unbroken.


7] State and future of the cold chain

Do you know the number of available reefers by 2030?


Download and learn

  • Get a full picture of the cold chain and its processes

  • Read about proper techniques for pre-cooling, stowing and ventilating

  • Get insights in to the refrigerated container industry and how to manage reefers best

  • Access statistics, illustrations and interesting details about the state of the cold chain


Download Your free copy of our eBook "Inside the Box: Cold Chain and Reefer Management"