| Written by Geir Nerbø

We compiled six suggestions for miners to decrease the possibility of a safety risk.
Accidents in mines

No video selected

Select a video type in the sidebar.

What we know: Mining involves risky tasks. Mining accidents happen because of equipment malfunctions, explosives, falls, slips, toxic gas leakages, and flooding. Hazards in mines won't disappear, but we can minimize the risk. Follow the 1-2-3 level risk management approach and improve your underground mining safety.

On a practical level, we compiled a few suggestions to increase safety for mining:

Accidents in Mines: Learn and improve your experience

As mining continues to be a vital industry worldwide, ensuring the safety of those working in underground environments remains a top priority. A closer examination of injury statistics reveals a stark contrast between the experiences of seasoned miners and their less-experienced counterparts. In fact, data from the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) indicates that inexperienced miners sustain injuries at significantly higher rates than their more experienced colleagues. For instance, over a span of 1.5 years, 903 miners with one year or less of experience suffered injuries, while only 418 miners with one to two years of mining experience were injured during the same period (source: MSHA). These figures underscore the importance of comprehensive training programs to equip new miners with the knowledge and skills necessary to mitigate risks and prioritize safety.

Education and training play an indispensable role in ensuring miners' well-being, particularly those new to the industry. The initial courses provided to new miners serve as a crucial foundation for understanding the potential hazards inherent in underground mining and learning how to reduce them effectively. Safety standards and procedures are thoroughly covered, empowering miners with the necessary tools to identify risks, take preventive measures, and respond appropriately in emergency situations.

By instilling a safety culture from the outset, training programs help foster a strong sense of awareness and responsibility among new miners. They are introduced to essential safety protocols, including the proper use of personal protective equipment, hazard recognition, communication practices, and emergency evacuation procedures. Through hands-on exercises, simulations, and interactive learning, new miners gain practical experience in a controlled environment, preparing them to confidently navigate the complexities of the mining environment.

Additionally, experienced miners serve as invaluable mentors during the training process. Their wealth of knowledge and on-the-job expertise provide crucial insights into best practices and lessons learned from their own experiences. The guidance and mentorship of seasoned miners can significantly reduce the likelihood of accidents and injuries among their less-experienced colleagues.

Moreover, ongoing training and refresher courses are vital to keep miners updated with the latest safety regulations and practices. As the mining industry evolves, new technologies and techniques are introduced, and it is essential for miners to stay informed and adapt accordingly. Regular training sessions ensure miners continue to enhance their skills, reinforce safety procedures, and remain vigilant to potential risks.

In conclusion, the disparity in injury rates between experienced and inexperienced miners highlights the critical importance of training programs in the underground mining industry. Through comprehensive education, new miners gain the knowledge, skills, and confidence required to navigate the inherent risks of their work environment. Investing in thorough training not only reduces the occurrence of injuries but also cultivates a safety-conscious culture that protects the well-being of miners throughout their careers.


accidents in mines: Continuous training

While experience plays a crucial role in developing the necessary skills, it is equally important for miners to receive continuous training to enhance their safety awareness and ensure they are equipped to handle incidents effectively. Recognizing the significance of ongoing education, federal legislation mandates basic and yearly refresher training, along with the implementation of effective training strategies to minimize risks and promote a culture of safety within the mining industry.

The importance of continuous training for experienced miners cannot be overstated. Safety training programs serve as a means to continually raise awareness of risks, refresh knowledge of hazard mitigation techniques, and refine reactions in the event of incidents. Through regular refresher courses, miners can review improvements and potential lapses in safety practices, enabling them to stay abreast of industry advancements and evolving best practices.

The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) provides invaluable guidance and materials to aid mining operators in meeting their training obligations. These resources serve as a comprehensive framework to ensure that miners receive the necessary training to address the unique challenges they face underground. By adhering to MSHA guidelines, mining operators can effectively design and implement training programs tailored to the specific needs of their workforce, fostering a proactive approach to safety that prioritizes the well-being of miners.

One notable aspect of contemporary training programs is the integration of simulation programs. These advanced tools allow miners to enhance their skills in handling high-tech equipment and prepare for various scenarios they may encounter underground. By engaging in simulated environments, miners can practice using cutting-edge tools and develop critical decision-making abilities without exposing themselves to actual risks. Such simulation programs prove invaluable in building confidence, competence, and adaptability among miners, empowering them to react swiftly and effectively in challenging situations.

Furthermore, continuous training ensures that miners remain updated on the latest safety regulations, emerging technologies, and industry best practices. With the mining landscape constantly evolving, it is imperative for miners to stay current and informed. Ongoing education enables them to adapt to new equipment, techniques, and safety protocols, allowing for a proactive approach to risk management and accident prevention. Learn how Swiss-based Hagerbach Test Gallery teaches skills.


Wear personal protective equipment (PPE)

As miners face various potential hazards in their daily work, adopting and properly utilising personal protective equipment (PPE) play a pivotal role in safeguarding their well-being. Helmets, lanyards, ear protection, gloves, safety glasses, gas detectors, safety boots, and a host of other protective gear collectively form a crucial line of defence. While not a safety equipment in itself, the inclusion of a miner tracking device further enhances safety by enabling efficient location monitoring in underground environments.

The significance of personal protective equipment cannot be overstated when it comes to the safety of miners. Each piece of gear serves a specific purpose in shielding miners from potential dangers and minimizing the risk of accidents or injuries. Let us delve into the importance of key PPE items commonly utilized in underground mining operations.

Helmets: A sturdy and well-fitted helmet protects against falling objects, impacts, and head injuries. In the confined spaces of a mine, the risk of falling debris or equipment necessitates the use of helmets to prevent severe head trauma.

Ear Protection: The constant exposure to loud machinery, drilling, and blasting in mining environments can lead to long-term hearing damage. Ear protection, such as earmuffs or earplugs, helps mitigate the risk of noise-induced hearing loss and promotes a safer work environment.

Gloves: Miners handle a variety of equipment, materials, and machinery that may pose risks, including sharp edges, abrasive surfaces, and chemical exposures. Protective gloves offer crucial hand and finger protection against cuts, abrasions, punctures, and chemical hazards.

Safety Glasses: Flying debris, dust particles, and chemicals are common hazards in mining operations. Wearing safety glasses with appropriate eye protection safeguards miners against eye injuries and potential vision impairment.

Gas Detectors: Underground mines often present the risk of hazardous gases, such as carbon monoxide and methane. Gas detectors are essential devices that monitor air quality, enabling miners to detect and respond promptly to potential gas leaks and hazardous conditions.

Safety Boots: The rugged terrain and unpredictable underfoot conditions in mines necessitate the use of safety boots. These boots have reinforced toes, puncture-resistant soles, and ankle support, providing crucial protection against falls, heavy objects, and potential foot injuries.

Miner Tracking Device: While not classified as PPE, miner tracking devices play a crucial role in ensuring the safety of miners. These devices employ advanced technology to track and locate miners within underground environments, enabling swift emergency response and enhancing overall rescue operations.

The utilization of personal protective equipment is a fundamental aspect of creating a safe work environment for miners. Properly fitting and regularly maintained PPE serves as a frontline defence against potential hazards, reducing the likelihood of accidents and injuries. It is imperative for mining operators to provide comprehensive training on the correct use and maintenance of PPE, ensuring that miners understand the significance of wearing the appropriate gear and are equipped to address any potential risks they may encounter underground.


Further reading: Mine Safety - Why digital management?


accidents in mines: Being alert

Remaining alert and maintaining a watchful eye on both oneself and colleagues is crucial, as incidents often occur in the blink of an eye due to a momentary lapse in attention or negligence. Understanding the importance of being alert at all times is paramount to mitigating risks and promoting a culture of safety in the mining industry.

The hazardous nature of mining necessitates a heightened state of alertness among miners. Underground environments are replete with potential dangers, including cave-ins, rock falls, exposure to toxic gases, machinery mishaps, and the risk of being caught in moving equipment. By remaining alert, miners are more likely to identify and anticipate these risks, enabling them to respond swiftly and take necessary precautions to prevent accidents or injuries.

Furthermore, being alert encompasses not only personal awareness but also a responsibility towards the well-being of colleagues. In underground mining, the actions and decisions of one miner can have a direct impact on the safety of others. By maintaining a watchful eye on their surroundings and their colleagues' actions, miners can promptly identify and address potentially unsafe behaviours or conditions. This collective vigilance fosters a sense of mutual accountability and serves as an additional layer of protection for everyone involved.

Being alert also involves recognizing and addressing fatigue, a significant risk factor in the mining industry. Long working hours, irregular schedules, and physically demanding tasks can lead to exhaustion, impairing judgment and reaction times. Miners must prioritize rest and self-care to combat fatigue, ensuring they remain mentally sharp and physically capable of safely performing their duties.

Moreover, technology can play a crucial role in promoting alertness in the mining environment. Innovative solutions such as proximity detection systems and fatigue monitoring devices can provide real-time alerts and reminders to miners, helping them remain focused and alert to potential dangers. These technological advancements complement the human element, further enhancing safety measures and reducing the likelihood of incidents caused by lapses in attention.

The responsibility to foster alertness lies with individual miners, mining operators, and industry regulators. Employers must provide comprehensive training programs that emphasize the importance of alertness and cultivate a safety-conscious mindset among their workforce. Regular safety briefings, hazard identification exercises, and establishing reporting mechanisms for near-miss incidents all contribute to maintaining a state of heightened alertness within the mining community.


Accidents in mines: Respect safety mining signs

In the complex and challenging world of underground mining, the presence of safety signs assumes paramount importance. Far from being mere visual cues, safety mining signs serve as a vital lifeline for miners, providing critical warnings and guidance to mitigate potential hazards. These signs play a crucial role in ensuring the safety of miners by highlighting risks that cannot be eliminated entirely. By respecting and adhering to these signs, miners can prevent sudden and potentially life-threatening incidents, making them an indispensable component of a comprehensive safety strategy in mining operations.

The primary purpose of safety mining signs is to warn and inform miners about existing hazards. When it is not feasible to completely eliminate risks, these signs act as a visual reminder of potential dangers, serving as an essential line of defence. They communicate vital information regarding hazardous conditions, restricted areas, mandatory safety measures, and emergency procedures. By alerting miners to potential threats, safety signs help foster a heightened sense of awareness and caution, enabling them to take necessary precautions and avoid accidents.

Strategically placed at locations where accidents are most likely to occur, safety signs act as proactive measures to prevent incidents. Whether it's marking the presence of high-voltage electrical equipment, indicating areas susceptible to rockfalls, or warning against toxic gases, these signs effectively communicate specific risks to miners. By drawing attention to such hazards, safety signs prompt miners to adopt appropriate safety measures, such as wearing specific protective equipment or following designated safety protocols.

Another critical aspect of safety signs' effectiveness is their universal nature. Often utilizing symbols and standardized colours, safety signs transcend language barriers, ensuring that the message is understood by all miners, regardless of their native language. This universality promotes clear and consistent communication of safety information, leaving no room for misinterpretation or confusion.

Moreover, safety mining signs complement the training and education received by miners. While training programs provide miners with essential knowledge and skills, safety signs reinforce and supplement this training by serving as constant reminders of best practices and potential dangers. They act as a visual reinforcement of the training received, helping to ingrain safety practices in the minds of miners and creating a culture of safety that is ever-present in the mining environment.

The responsibility for implementing and maintaining safety mining signs lies with mining operators and industry regulators. It is crucial for these entities to develop and implement comprehensive signage systems that conform to relevant safety standards and regulations. This includes conducting regular assessments of mining sites to identify areas where safety signs are necessary and ensuring that signs remain clearly visible, well-maintained, and up to date. Additionally, mining operators should provide thorough training on the meaning and importance of safety signs, emphasizing their role in safeguarding miners and promoting a collective commitment to safety.


Mentor and supervise

In the demanding and high-risk world of underground mining, the significance of mentoring and supervision cannot be overstated. These vital components of a robust safety framework play a pivotal role in safeguarding the well-being of miners and promoting a culture of accountability. Whether you are a supervisor responsible for overseeing a team or a team member entrusted with implementing safety measures, the importance of mentoring and supervision cannot be underestimated. By providing guidance, fostering adherence to safety protocols, and ensuring the accountability of team members, mentoring and supervision significantly contribute to the overall safety of mining operations.

Mentoring in underground mining serves as a cornerstone for maintaining safety standards and enhancing the knowledge and skills of miners. Experienced miners who serve as mentors play a critical role in imparting their expertise and sharing best practices with less-experienced team members. Through mentorship, valuable insights are passed down, including lessons learned from past incidents, effective risk mitigation strategies, and an understanding of the specific hazards inherent in the mining environment. This transfer of knowledge enables miners to make informed decisions, exercise good judgment, and respond effectively to potential dangers.

Mentoring also fosters a sense of camaraderie and teamwork among miners. By promoting open communication and mutual support, mentors create an environment where individuals feel comfortable seeking guidance and clarifying safety-related concerns. This collaborative approach encourages continuous learning and improvement, as well as the development of a shared responsibility for safety within the mining team.

Conversely, supervision plays a crucial role in ensuring that safety measures are followed consistently and effectively. Supervisors are responsible for overseeing and monitoring the implementation of safety protocols, ensuring that every team member adheres to established guidelines. By actively supervising their team, supervisors can identify potential hazards, correct unsafe behaviours, and provide immediate feedback to promote safer work practices.

One critical aspect of supervision in underground mining is the ability to account for all team members at every shift. This includes implementing reliable systems for checking in and out, conducting headcounts, and maintaining clear communication channels. By establishing this level of accountability, supervisors can promptly address any discrepancies, ensure that all team members are present and accounted for, and swiftly respond in case of an emergency.

Furthermore, supervision serves as a mechanism for early identification and intervention in situations where a team member may struggle with safety compliance or exhibit unsafe behaviours. By providing guidance, support, and ongoing training, supervisors can address any gaps in knowledge or understanding, reinforcing safety protocols and mitigating risks.

To achieve the highest safety standards, mining operators must prioritize mentoring and supervision within their organizations. This involves implementing mentorship programs that pair experienced miners with novices, fostering an environment of shared learning and continuous improvement. Adequate resources, such as training materials and workshops, should be provided to support mentors in their role. Additionally, supervisors should receive comprehensive training on leadership, communication, and safety management to effectively oversee their teams and ensure compliance with safety measures.



Introduction of high-tech help in mining operations, therefore, proves to greatly reduce the level of extreme danger, which in turn minimizes overall risk. Technologies come with embedded great monitoring tools, recommendations on the detection of a pending threat, and can be used to mitigate it. Potential risks will be addressed in the best possible way to ensure the welfare of the mining workforce.

The safety of mining is also being revolutionized with wearable technology. Smart helmets, embedded with sensors and communication devices, will guide real-time information on the wearer's surroundings and vital signs. These hazards may include impending health hazards such as excessive heat, fatigue, or harmful substances being inhaled. Wearable devices also have GPS tracking, ensuring the location of a miner is always known for quick rescue in case of an emergency.



What are some effective ways to reduce the risk of accidents in mines?

Measures to reduce accident risk in mines involve the adoption of an all-encompassing safety strategy for this situation. One of the most effective measures in this regard is the comprehensive training programs where new miners will be oriented with the risks inherent in mining and the measures to be used to control such risks. Continuous education will ensure that all miners know safety practices and regulations. In addition, it helps protect the miner from potential hazards with the use of PPE like helmets, gloves, goggles, gas detectors, safety footwear, etc.

Safety could also be improved by using advanced technologies such as automated machinery, real-time monitoring systems, wearable technologies, drones, and simulation training. These significantly curb accident risks at workplaces and improve safety in general. The other crucial aspect is safety through mentorship and supervision. Seasoned miners should be mandated to mentor upcoming miners, while supervisors are supposed to ensure adherence to safety protocols and a culture of accountability and safety.

Why is continuous training important for reducing accidents in mines?

The training is useful in the refresher of the best safety practices that miners should continually update to maintain a high level of safety in mining operations. In addition, new introductions into technologies and techniques in the mining industry keep hitting the roadway, necessitating refreshed knowledge among miners. Repeated refreshing will not only affirm the hazard mitigation techniques but also help in refining responses to possible incidents.

These advanced skill development programs include simulation exercises that would most appropriately provide on-the-job training for miners with the equipment and scenarios of a particular event. It builds confidence and develops competence. Continuous training helps miners adapt to new technologies and enables them to learn the use of new tools and equipment effectively and safely.



In the dynamic and hazardous world of mining, the imperative to reduce the risk of accidents has never been more critical. By implementing a comprehensive safety approach, miners can work towards creating a safer environment for all. Six key strategies stand out as crucial steps towards this goal: firstly, taking classes and training programs to compensate for any lack of experience; secondly, embracing a mindset of continuous learning and staying up-to-date with evolving safety practices; thirdly, fostering mentorship within mining crews to share invaluable knowledge and guidance; fourthly, ensuring the consistent use of protective personal equipment (PPE) to safeguard against potential hazards; fifthly, respecting safety signs as vital reminders of potential dangers; and finally, maintaining a state of heightened alertness at all times. By integrating these six essential practices into mining operations, we can strive to minimize risks, protect the well-being of miners, and create a culture of safety that is unwavering in its commitment to preventing accidents underground.


Safety Culture and Successful Mining Whitepaper

Dive deeper into one of our core topics: Mining Safety


(1) https://www.resourcesregulator.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/mdg-1031.pdf

(2) https://www.statista.com/statistics/541314/mining-fatalities-in-the-united-states/

Note: This article was updated on the 5th of July 2024



Geir Nerbø, VP Sales Safe Mining

Geir has been an advocate for safety in the mining industry for a long time.  Geir's background is from the Norwegian army, working as a technician within communication systems, special educated as a system engineer for the Norwegian Field Artillery, with responsibilities for the system calculating the ballistics data. He added a bachelor in Computer science (University of Agder) and started a career in sales, where the last 14 years he spent at IDENTEC SOLUTIONS.